The History of
St. Patrick’s Roman Catholic Church
Built in 1854, St. Patrick’s church has witnessed the turn of two centuries.
The history of St. Pat’s is rich in both Irish and French culture. The first permanent Burrillville Catholic resident is said to have been John Keegan, born in Kildare, Ireland and died November 7, 1857 at the age of 52. Buried near him in the old St. Patrick’s cemetery on the road to
Pascoag are many of his fellow parishioners, whose tombstones record the dire effects of tuberculosis on constitutions already weakened by starvation and overwork.
In 1854, Rev. Bernard Tully was appointed Burrillville’s first resident Pastor, centering his church in Harrisville and naming it St. Bernard’s after his personal patron saint and namesake, St. Bernard of Clairveaux. From the beginning, even before there was a church building, there began that alternation between French and Irish influences which marks the character of St. Patrick’s to this day. Under Father Tully’s successor, the Rev. William Duffy, St. Patrick’s would take its name and build the church.
The land was purchased for $300, the deed was signed on April 9, 1856, and the church was dedicated on October 27, 1858 by Bishop McFarland of Hartford. The Diocese of Providence was not established until 1872, so St. Patrick long remained part of a very large geographical area administered by the Diocese of Hartford, CT; but this is a clue to the way in which the Parish itself grew.
Just as St. Patrick’s was nursed along by missionaries sent from our neighboring state, so did it become a nursery that gradually established satellite parishes in the area. Under succeeding pastors of Irish extraction, the church property was improved by the addition of the rectory in 1859, and a new bell added in 1869. The congregation was growing to the point that assistant priests were now in demand, and St. Patrick’s was instrumental in helping to found the parish of St John’s in Slatersville and the Mission Church which eventually became St. Joseph’s in Pascoag. Remarkably for today’s standards, by 1882, both the Mission Church and St. Patrick’s which had funded it, were almost free of debt with Pascoag becoming fully independent in 1893.
In the 1890’s the population of French Canadian factory workers exploded in the area, and speaking fluent French became an occupational necessity for most Pastors, a problem later solved by the regular appointment of both an Irish Pastor and a French Canadian assistant. Gospels at Sunday masses at St. Patrick’s were read both in English and French as late as 1950. In July of 1905, the French speaking parish of Our Lady of Good Help in Mapleville was separated from it’s mother church in Harrisville, though Sunday masses were still offered in the remaining Mission churches. The Chepachet church became St. Eugene’s Parish only in 1956. The St. Louis chapel in Glendale was a missionary chapel for many years until it’s closing in 2013.
St. Patrick’s church building was reduced to a pile of splinters in the Great Hurricane on September 21, 1938 and was rebuilt as the imposing brick Neoclassical structure it stands as today. Designed to harmonize with other town buildings constructed in the 1930’s, the new St. Patrick’s combined a solid American Colonial façade with graceful Queen Anne touches and colorfully embellished altars of Italian marble. It stands on a small promontory where the original rectory had been built, while the site of the old church was converted into a parking lot. The coming of World War II put plans for further expansion on hold, and the cherished dream of a St. Patrick’s Catholic school which never realized.
In 1953, Rev. Bernard J. Lennon, Pastor, invited the Sisters of the Divine Providence to assist in the parish. This association of the Parish with a teaching order of nuns was made more concrete when a new convent was built on land adjacent to the rectory and a small group of Sisters of the Franciscan Order of the Atonement, based in Graymoor, NY took up residency in the building until 1981.
As we mark the milestones along the way, we are reminded to be grateful to God for the countless blessings bestowed on our parish thus far. We take consolation in the fact that in over a 150 years of faithful service is in and of itself an extraordinary blessing that is humbling and at the same time motivating. Humbled by His generosity and with trust in His providential care we acquiesce to the Lord’s invitation to journey with him into the mystery that is the future. Inspired by the faith, commitment and self sacrifice of our ancestors, we willingly accept the challenge to be no less faithful, no less committed, no less self-sacrificing. As we place our selves again under the patronage of St. Patrick, we ask the Lord to bless and guide us on our pilgrim way.